What’s that noise in my head?
Why are my ears ringing?
Is someone talking about me?
Am I losing my hearing?
What is Tinnitus?
These are common questions one might ask if you do notice a ringing or buzzing sound in your ears/head. Tinnitus (“tinn’-nit-us” or “tin-night-us”) is defined as the perception of sound when no actual sound is present.
For many, tinnitus is characterized by ringing in the ears, but it can also sound like roaring, whistling, buzzing, or hissing. If you do notice tinnitus, you are not alone. It is estimated that nearly 50 million Americans experience some type of tinnitus.
It is usually in both ears, sometimes referred to as a noise in your head, but in some cases can be localized to one ear. I am always careful to say, “just because you and I both have tinnitus, it does not mean that our experience is the same.”
There is a small percentage of people who suffer from debilitating tinnitus and need immediate professional intervention.
What Causes Tinnitus?
I have experienced tinnitus since I was a teenager. I first noticed it after mowing the grass and then after concerts. Tinnitus can start as a temporary or short-term duration caused by exposure to loud noises such as power tools, concerts, firearms, explosions, or even listening to music through your headphones too loud. However, over time it can become permanent.
There is no known cure for tinnitus, but that doesn’t mean there’s nothing you can do about it.
The most common cause is exposure to excessively loud noise, either a single intense event (like a shotgun blast) or long-term exposure either on the job (musicians, carpenters, pilots, etc.) or during recreational activities (target shooting, chain saws, loud music, fireworks, etc.).
Tinnitus and hearing loss are prevalent service-related disabilities noted for military personnel, especially if they were involved in combat. Tinnitus is the leading service-related disability among U.S. veterans. Ear protection can not only protect your hearing during these activities but also lessen the possibility or severity of tinnitus.
Tinnitus can also result from physical trauma to the head or neck or even a result of certain medical conditions such as hypertension, acoustic neuroma (tumor on the hearing nerve), vascular disorder, TMJ, or even impacted ear wax.
Many medications even list tinnitus as a possible side effect. It may be worth discussing this with your physician and/or pharmacist, but ultimately, a hearing evaluation should also be conducted.
Does Tinnitus Mean You Are Losing Your Hearing?
Maybe. But maybe not.
Tinnitus is often an indication that there has been some kind of damage to the auditory system, but it does not mean that you will become deaf. I always say there are three categories of people that have tinnitus:
1) You can have tinnitus and normal hearing (like myself)
2) You can have hearing loss without tinnitus
3) You can have hearing loss with tinnitus
The purpose of having a thorough hearing evaluation is to record your experience and medical history and to decide which category you are in.
Even though there is no specific test to diagnose tinnitus (it is subjective), it helps diagnose or rule out hearing loss to know what treatment options might be the most helpful for you.
Some common treatment options are amplification (hearing instruments) with or without tinnitus masking features, sound generators or masking units that could be used at bedtime (tinnitus is usually the most noticeable in tranquil environments), or even therapy treatment programs specifically designed to retrain the brain to habituate to tinnitus.
Although everyone is different, some things may cause your tinnitus to be worse: loud noise, excessive alcohol or recreational drugs, caffeine, nicotine, aspirin, quinine, other medications (even antibiotics), and even stress.
As we said earlier, there is no known cure for tinnitus, but learning how to manage it can make a difference in your life.
The first step is to schedule your hearing evaluation with one of our professionals at Audiology On Call.